Biopolis Dresden Imaging Platform

Regulation of insulin granule turnover in pancreatic beta-cells by cleaved ICA512.

Trajkovski M, Mziaut H, Schubert S, Kalaidzidis Y, Altkrüger A, Solimena M

Insulin maintains homeostasis of glucose by promoting its uptake into cells from the blood. Hyperglycemia triggers secretion of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells. This process is mediated by secretory granule exocytosis. However, how beta-cells keep granule stores relatively constant is still unknown. ICA512 is an intrinsic granule membrane protein, whose cytosolic domain binds beta2-syntrophin, an F-actin-associated protein, and is cleaved upon granule exocytosis. The resulting cleaved cytosolic fragment, ICA512-CCF, reaches the nucleus and up-regulates the transcription of granule genes, including insulin and ICA512. Here, we show that ICA512-CCF also dimerizes with intact ICA512 on granules, thereby displacing it from beta2-syntrophin. This leads to increased granule mobility and insulin release. Based on these findings, we propose a model whereby the generation of ICA512-CCF first amplifies insulin secretion. The ensuing reduction of granule stores would then increase the probability of newly generated ICA512-CCF to reach the nucleus and enhance granule biogenesis, thus allowing beta-cells to constantly adjust production of granules to their storage size and consumption. Pharmacological modulation of these feedback loops may alleviate deficient insulin release in diabetes.

Fig.7 taken from Trajkovski et al, 2008.
  • J. Biol. Chem. 2008 Nov 28;283(48):33719-29
  • 2008
  • Medical Biology
  • 18824546
  • PubMed

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