Biopolis Dresden Imaging Platform

Loss of the cholesterol-binding protein prominin-1/CD133 causes disk dysmorphogenesis and photoreceptor degeneration.

Zacchigna S, Oh H, Wilsch-Bräuninger M, Missol-Kolka E, Jászai J, Jansen S, Tanimoto N, Tonagel F, Seeliger M, Huttner WB, Corbeil D, Dewerchin M, Vinckier S, Moons L, Carmeliet P

Prominin-1/CD133 (Prom-1) is a commonly used marker of neuronal, vascular, hematopoietic and other stem cells, yet little is known about its biological role and importance in vivo. Here, we show that loss of Prom-1 results in progressive degeneration of mature photoreceptors with complete loss of vision. Despite the expression of Prom-1 on endothelial progenitors, photoreceptor degeneration was not attributable to retinal vessel defects, but caused by intrinsic photoreceptor defects in disk formation, outer segment morphogenesis, and associated with visual pigment sorting and phototransduction abnormalities. These findings shed novel insight on how Prom-1 regulates neural retinal development and phototransduction in vertebrates.

fig. 4 taken from Zacchigna et al, 2009.
  • J. Neurosci. 2009 Feb 18;29(7):2297-308
  • 2009
  • Neurobiology
  • 19228982
  • PubMed

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