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Galectin-9 trafficking regulates apical-basal polarity in Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells.

Mishra R, Grzybek M, Niki T, Hirashima M, Simons K

Galectins are unconventionally secreted lectins that participate in the formation of glycoprotein lattices that perform a variety of cell surface functions. Galectins also bind glycosphingolipid headgroups with as yet unclear implications for cellular physiology. We report a specific interaction between galectin-9 and the Forssman glycosphingolipid (FGL) that is important for polarizing Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells. Galectin-9 knockdown leads to a severe loss of epithelial polarity that can be rescued by addition of the recombinant protein. The FGL glycan is identified as the surface receptor that cycles galectin-9 to the Golgi apparatus from which the protein is recycled back to the apical surface. Together our results suggest a model wherein such glycosphingolipid-galectin couples form a circuit between the Golgi apparatus and the cell surface that in an epithelial context facilitates the apical sorting of proteins and lipids.

Fig.1 taken from Mishra et al, 2010.
  • Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010 Oct 12;107(41):17633-8
  • 2010
  • Cell Biology
  • 20861448
  • PubMed

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