Biopolis Dresden Imaging Platform

Sphingosine 1-phosphate-induced motility and endocytosis of dendritic cells is regulated by SWAP-70 through RhoA.

Ocaña-Morgner C, Reichardt P, Chopin M, Braungart S, Wahren C, Gunzer M, Jessberger R

The phospholipid mediator sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) enhances motility and endocytosis of mature dendritic cells (DCs). We show that in vitro migration of Swap-70(-/-) bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) in response to S1P and S1P-induced upregulation of endocytosis are significantly reduced. S1P-stimulated movement of Swap-70(-/-) BMDCs, specifically retraction of their trailing edge, in a collagen three-dimensional environment is impaired. These in vitro observations correlate with delayed entry into lymphatic vessels and migration to lymph nodes of skin DCs in Swap-70(-/-) mice. Expression of S1P receptors (S1P(1-3)) by wild-type and Swap-70(-/-) BMDCs is similar, but Swap-70(-/-) BMDCs fail to activate RhoA and to localize Rac1 and RhoA into areas of actin polymerization after S1P stimulus. The Rho-activating G protein G?(i) interacts with SWAP-70, which also supports the localization of G?(13) to membrane rafts in BMDCs. LPS-matured Swap-70(-/-) BMDCs contain significantly more active RhoA than wild-type DCs. Preinhibition of Rho activation restored migration to S1P, S1P-induced upregulation of endocytosis in mature Swap-70(-/-) BMDCs, and localization of G?(13) to membrane rafts. These data demonstrate SWAP-70 as a novel regulator of S1P signaling necessary for DC motility and endocytosis.

Fig.2 taken from Ocana-Morgner et al, 2011.
  • J. Immunol. 2011 May 1;186(9):5345-55
  • 2011
  • Medical Biology
  • 21421853
  • PubMed

Enabled by:

Back to list